The Zero Hunger Institute and the Fight against the Scourges of Hunger and Malnutrition
Permanent Need to Face Food Insecurity Motivates the Creation of the Zero Hunger Institute.
Under the leadership of former FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva, the Institute was born to promote studies and policies to combat hunger and all forms of malnutrition – in compliance with the commitments of Brazil and all countries of the world.
São Paulo, October 15, 2020 – Since 2003, the implementation of the Zero Hunger Program and the successful cash transfer policies have elevated Brazil to the status of the first of the large developing countries to leave the World Hunger Map in 2014. However, less than six years after the deed, the country retreated in a rampant way in its levels of food and nutritional security, in the midst of government disarticulation, the demobilization of civil society, the economic crisis and the strong restrictions on social investments.
As a result, our country is once again included in the list of countries in which hunger is considered a structural problem (affecting more than 5% of the population), a situation that should be aggravated by COVID – 19 and its effects, especially for the populations poorest and most vulnerable. In addition to levels of unemployment and under-occupation, we are already seeing a return to famine with rising food prices.
On a global scale, hunger has grown again after ten years of decline, while obesity and overweight have become real epidemics. All of this makes ODS – Sustainable Development Goal number 2 – called “World Zero Hunger” – one of the most difficult to achieve by 2030, according to the UN.
Opposite faces of the same coin, hunger and obesity, opened up their common element: the lack of access to regular, adequate and healthy food. The mobilization of society and the wave of solidarity that emerged with the advance of the pandemic highlight the opportunity of the moment in favor of respect, preservation and the promotion of the Human Right to Adequate Food.
The Zero Hunger Institute (IFZ) was born with the purpose of permanently fighting through initiatives to benefit Food and Nutrition Security in Brazil and with the international community. There is also a mission to preserve the history of the fight against hunger in Brazil and to develop studies, researches, seminars and exchange of experiences that can resume our country’s pioneering and leadership role in this topic.